Green Growth


The main part of the conference consisted of presentations on new public and private developments in the field of green economy.

Zulfiya Suleimenova, the Deputy Director of the Climate Policy and Green Technology Department of MEGNR RK, reported on the design of Low-Carbon Development Strategy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. This document is being developed within the framework of the Paris Agreement, which calls on the parties to create long-term strategies with a low level of carbon development. The basis for its development is also SDG 13, an indicator of which should be measures to combat climate change.

The speaker noted that the Strategy will determine the long-term development of Kazakhstan, taking into account decarbonization, which was mentioned by the Head of State in his address dated September 01, 2020. When developing the document, external factors for the economy of Kazakhstan are also taken into account. For example, The European Union just last year accepted the European Green Deal, and a Climate Pact is being developed as part of this document.

"We expect that China is working very seriously in the framework of climate policy, which will affect us. Regarding Russia, the Russian Federation has adopted the Low-Carbon Development Strategy this year. We see a great interest of large companies in low-carbon development. Based on this international situation, aspects of processing the new document are taken into account," Suleimenova said.
According to her data, the prospects for the development of the domestic economy are calculated according to six scenarios, three trajectories of domestic policy and on the basis of international factors.

"We held consultations with the involvement of stakeholders, and we also managed to hold sectoral consultations in 4 areas: agriculture, building, transport and coal industry. We received about 40 comments from stakeholders – from the academic community, NGOs, and governmen.organizations, which we took into account. Matrices are prepared for modeling. The next step will be to form a working group, both at a high level and at a technical level, to begin the upgrade process for scenarios. We expect the document to be ready next year," the speaker explained.

Lyazat Askarova, the Executive Director of Expo&Women, considers the low involvement of civil society in achieving the sustainable development goals in Kazakhstan to be one of the urgent problems of the green economy. Active public participation in the implementation of the Goals could significantly contribute to the green growth. However, according to Expo&Women surveys, the population is not sufficiently informed about this area.

"More than half of the respondents said they had heard about SDGs. Only 8.4% are familiar with this program as a whole and not even everyone knows that these are 17 Goals," Askarova explained during an online conference,adding that more than 600 people took the survey.

The expert said that a survey system has been established that will help increase the expertise of those involved in the Sustainable Development Goals. It should be noted, that green economy issues are given more attention both in SDG projects and in OECD documents. 80 out of 244 OECD indicators relate to the greening of the economy.

Bakhyt Yessekina, the Director of Green Academy Research and Education Center, spoke about OECD Green Growth Indicators for SDGs of Kazakhstan: "OECD identifies 54 indicators. We tested these indicators on the national statistics. And, 44 indicators can be found in the statistics."

The Head of the Green Academy noted that some indicators should be paid special attention to. Labor productivity; CO2 emissions per capita; green investments, research projects related to the green economy. Kazakhstan will have to work systematically on these indicators.

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Saved: 16.04.2024

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